Present Perfect

Look at some of the sentences from the text about Penny’s hobby:

a) Last year, I bought my own potter’s wheel.

b) When I started, I made some very strange, heavy little bowls.

c) The first ones were really heavy.

1) I’ve just made a set of bowls.

2) I’ve sold quite a few to friends.

3) My neighbour’s just asked me to make a set of mugs for her.

Compare the verb form in sentences a,b & c with the verb form in 1, 2 & 3.

What do you notice? Do they refer to present or past actions?

Can you think of the differences in meaning between these two verb forms?

Have a look below

 

As you can see the verbs in sentences 1, 2 & 3 have a special form: The Present Perfect

Now compare these pairs of sentences. Why do we use different verb tenses?

1.A) Mark played a football match last weekend.

1.B) Mark has played football three times this week.

2.A) My grandfather sang in a choir.

2.B) My grandfather has sung in a choir for three years.

3.A) I lived in NY for 2 years.

3.B) I’ve lived in NY for 2 years.

4.A) Last week I made a set of mugs for our breakfast.

4.B) I’ve made lots of different bowls over the years.

 

Click on the links below if you’d like or you need to learn a bit more:

PRESENT PERFECT

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

PRESENT PERFECT II

PRESENT PERFECT VS. PAST SIMPLE

 

Exercises

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

 

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