2.en.10 Life in a Megacity

Today most people seem to prefer living in urban areas. In fact some cities have grown so much that they have become bigger than some countries. We call them megacities. Find out more in the following video:

Yes, very soon most of the world’s population will move into urban areas. What makes them so attractive? Find out more by clicking on the image below. You’ll find some personal stories from people that has emigrated to a city. Your teacher will assign one of them and read you’ll have to his/her story.

You need to note down:

  1. Name and age
  2. Place of origin
  3. Reasons to leave her / his hometown.
  4. Positive and negative aspects of living in a city.

conceptual miniature urban planet showing a congested city modern lifestyle and transport, isolated with clipping path

Is urban growth similar in all countries? Does urban population grow faster in rich and developed countries? What are the causes of urban growth? Click on the image below:

urban growth

Give a definition of the following key concepts:



Life expectancy

Birth rate

In some countries urban growth in much faster than in others. Find out by clicking in the image below:


Now you are going to use the data from The World Bank to explore how urban population has changed in the last years:

World bank

Click on the map to see what the changes have been in the last decades:

Urban development map

Choose a country in each continent. What percentage of its population lives in cities?

As it seems, people today prefer living in cities. ome cities have grown so much they they have become MEGACITIES. Watch the video to learn what the fastest growing megacities are:

Big urban areas have changed considerably in the last 60 years. Click on the map below and see what the changes have been:

Urban Map

Now it’s your turn to explore and learn a bit more.

In small groups (3 or 4 people) choose one of the Megacities in the video.

Use the Internet to find information about:

  • Country
  • Number of inhabitants
  • Population density
  • Growth in the last 10 years
  • Means of public transport
  • Health and education facilities
  • Main economy sectors
  • Landmarks
  • Main problems: housing, pollution, …

Use of the information you have gathered to create a presentation for the class.

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